Type 2 – in the system to the bearing wall mounted vertical guides, and only to them – horizontal. This design inherits all the disadvantages of the classical horizontal structure, so it is used mainly for thick-walled liner made of natural stone, which is attached by horizontal longitudinal cuts guides. In this case the horizontal direction have, by and large, the loads on the vertical cross-compression, which allows the entire system to work well. In addition, this design applied on the basis of invisible (hidden) fasteners, in this case, the negative impact of construction is reduced because of: mounting each tile into two separate horizontal lines (which reduces the load on each of them); increase relative to the system of insulation, which increases the effective air gap. Depending on the material of construction framing, ventilated facade systems used in the Russian architectural and construction practices are divided into three groups: carrier system substructure of aluminum alloys; carrier system made of carbon steel substructure with protective coatings; system supporting substructure of stainless steel. Auxiliary elements of ventilated facades include: – packing tape between the panel and the profile-facing design – decorative corners and inserts for closing the ends and gaps between panels, perforated metal, for ventilating system bottom and top – small parts. Fasteners mechanically fastening cladding materials for the carrier-facing profile design. Fasteners used in ventilated facades are divided into the following groups: dowels and cup holder mount insulation; anchor dowels for mounting brackets and bearing profiles; metal anchors; galvanized screws made of carbon steel, alloy steel, aluminum; rivets; additional elements. Get more background information with materials from Tyler Haney.