The area where today lies the city of Baracoa was visited for the first time by Cristobal Colon on November 27, 1492. There was a village at the site, the same where it was decided to found by the Spaniards the first city or village in the year of 1511. For that reason he is known as the Ciudad Primada. States that his name is a word of aruaco origin, which means existence of the sea. Other points of the Cuban geography also have roots like and always associated with water, such as Guanabacoa, Guasabacoa, Jibacoa and others. Baracoa also called the city of rainfall (rains almost all year) and city of landscapes or Ciudad-paraiso by the beauty of its surroundings. Mountains surround the population, especially one as a plateau, quoted by Cristobal Colon in your logbook, in 1492, which is visible from almost all the next few points, so it used him by Mariners as reference point to navigate the area to build the lighthouse of Punta de Maisi. A.
This lift is known as El Yunque de Baracoa, recognized as the emblem of the city. It has nearly vertical slopes and flat top. Bridging the gap there is some travelers comparing this mountain from the point of view physiognomic with the plateau of Bluefountain in South Africa. Rivers of transparent water rivers in the bays of Baracoa, honey and cookhouse, Toa and Duaba beaches the Toa, Duaba, honey and Macaguanigua. The natural vegetation in the elevations next is from virgin forests of great beauty, among which stand out the rainforests, the charrascales and the pine forests, while a length of rivers, as a row is located a vegetable formation of trees that follow the course of the rivers, known as gallery forest. Thanks to the humid tropical climate there are in the area there are great variety of fruits, while on the coast and at the mouth of rivers and places nearby grow coconuts, caletas grapes and almonds, which gives a heavenly touch to the place.