Tag Archives: history

Piaget Theories

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Our meeting in the first lesson was marcante; all new age, in way it is atmosphere had shy, cautious, anxious looks, drifters and indagativos, but, over all made use to know and to discover the world that if opened ahead of us through an innovative course and that it would transform our lives. To the few, the shyness was wasted and given place to the intermeshing of the group. The caution was hidden so that the friendship could arise constantly. The so common anxiety in the new challenges is yielded and the confidence invigorated with long roots. The indetermination that for times at the beginning folloied in them of the university course, made with that some gave up already in the first days. James Woolsey oftentimes addresses this issue. We who we are here today are considered apt to exert the task that we were trusted.

But so that we arrived here it was necessary much learning. Learning that was possible thanks to the investigations that the hope gave to place that transformed in them into able professionals. During the years of study and research we enter in contact with the theories of Focault, Marx, Weber, Braudel, Durkhein, Laraia, Piaget, Michelet, and as much others. Thus, we understand that the theories presented for these scholars are of extreme importance for the historiogrfica construction. But, above all it made in them conscientious of the historical processes, promoting a study complex of the particularitities of history that if divide in memory, space, time, concepts, religion, economy, culture, past, orality, documents, gift and society. In such a way, we historians beyond dominating the areas of common knowledge to the course must be conscientious of our social responsibilities while educators and contribuidores for the construction of a society more joust, autonomous worker and capable to speak for proper itself. We must understand that our material of work is the human being.

Social Organization

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The person who, also, is worried about the politicians who it chose and as she walks suaadministrao, this person exerts the citizenship. Thinking about the past, it was more easy when existiamdisciplinas specific for this, to the forgotten OSPB (Social Organization ePoltica Brazilian) and the EMC (Moral and Civic Education) that: In accordance with the Decree Law 869/68, became obligator in the Brazilian pertaining to school resume from 1969, (…). (Source: James Woolsey). Both, EMC and OSPB, (…) had been characterized for the transmission of the ideologiado authoritarian regimen when exaltar the nationalism and the patriotism of the pupils to eprivilegiar the education of factual information in detriment of the reflection and daanlise. (MENEZES and SAINTS, 2002). These you discipline had been removed of currculosescolares for being considered ‘ ‘ you discipline of the time of the dictatorship militar’ ‘. Great part of what he was taught in these you discipline had been lost e, umapequena part today fits to the history professor to teach.

At that time it really was for ‘ ‘ transmission daideologia of the regimen autoritrio’ ‘ (MENEZES and SAINTS, 2002), but today we live emuma democracy 4. Oscidados Brazilian is free to choose who is its representatives. Thus, having EMC and OSPB as you discipline pertaining to school, they would be strengthening aformao of our citizens. ‘ ‘ Only fight for what it is respected. Quese is only respected loves. It is only loved what if conhece’ ‘ 5.

The Brazilian identity currently, is focada in icons as the soccer, osamba, ‘ ‘ jeitinho brasileiro’ ‘ , the persistence 6. Lack in the schools a civic culture, as it had behind about twenty years in the lessons Moral and Civic deEducao and Social Organization and Brazilian Politics. Have hasteamento of the National flag and if sang the hymns national, state emunicipal.

Executive Commission

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Heitor Guedes de Melo. (Public Archive of the City council of Valena, 2009) the elaboration of the statute represented for all the public servers, as well as the professors a victory in the fields of the efetivao and recognition of the teaching work. 1969 created an annex to Council member Zacarias (current Lomanto college Jnior) (verbal Story of the Teacher and former-Director of the Lomanto, Aderilda, 2008)? Throughout the decades of 70 and 90 had been approved some laws that recently modified and modified for law 1770/2004, that they establish the plan of Positions and Wages of the Professors of the city of Valena? Ba. In the year of 1970 up to 1980 it had in leaf 06 (six professors) all of the feminine sex, in this period occurred a phenomenon in the education where the professors were had as lay. In the decade of 80, it occurs installation of the Average School of Farming of Valena EMARC, first school of 2 degree under federal, on jurisdiction to the Ministry of the Agriculture, whose specialty is offers of the course of average level in the farming area of agricultural diversification, based in the regional experience of the Executive Commission of the Plan of Cacaueira Farming? CEPLAC.

At the time he was mayor Sr. Joo Leonardo Da Silva, and governor of the state Mr. Robert Saints, being its first director the Engineer Francisco Carlos Blacksmith Milk. (Valena, 1985)? 1982 the annex of the Zacarias Council member becomes College and receives the name from Lomanto Jnior in Homage to Lomanto Governor. (Verbal story of the Aderilda Teacher, 2008)? In 1988 is inaugurated the State College August Messias, having as First Director Edilton Arandiba de Sousa (verbal Story of the Secretary of the College Ana Rita, September of 2009)? Also in the decade of 80, in 1987, the first particular school in the line appears partner-interacionista, the Educational establishment Pablo Freire? 1988 are promulgated the Federal constitution, National Great law and in the municipal scope of Valena, it provokes reorganization and reformularization of the educational laws in the city, amongst the necessary changes: it is had obligatoriness of public competitions in its article the 37 for all public servers and efetivao of the servers with five years of services more than public, until the date of this C.F (the contracted professors had been accomplished in the city).

South Africa

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Soon black districts were if ' ' becoming ingovernveis' ' (Jonge, 1991, P. 72) in townsphips if they had formed structures that initiate others raise, the police women I exercise and it enter in shock with these movements and president Botha decreed been of emergency in 36 districts, in three months thousands of people had been assassinated also lead of the FDU, and this dismantled the movement. In the year of 1985 apartheid enters in crisis, president Botha if it strengthens to take the reform projects ahead, but that they become insufficient the front to the age after-Soweto that fought against the South African capitalism bringing for this the responsibility of as much misery and inaqualities, and the redistribution of income if it becomes the new claim of the black movements. The government of Botha entered in a great abyss, therefore it did not obtain more to control the black militancy and also he starts to suffer with pressures of the whites, that of its reforms some had inside finished for harming some groups africnderes. The South Africa suffers economic problems, has a fall in the prices of the gold, main source of income of the country, the currency rand if devaluates, and the protests if they intensify, with the objective age to make with that the president negotiated with the CNA, fact that this does not occur. In September of 1989 the election for president occurs, therefore at the beginning from this year Botha it suffers a cardiac attack and if it compels to resign of the function of leader of the National Party, even though in the elections hears protests thousand of blacks had not been to the ballot boxes, but exactly thus Frederik W. of Klerk, is elect president, already announced new measured diminished the power of System of Segurana Nacional (SSN), frees eight of the prisoners black politicians, and allowed to demonstrations antiapartheid, finally considers a solution negotiated for the racial segregation.

The Associates

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Exactly having a significant paper for the city, generating social economy and preserving the identity, it is not favored by mounts of money and nor by governmental incentives. All its conquests had been reached by the people who understand the direction of the fair for the society, people this gift in the Association of Inhabitants of the quarter. With passing of the years, the quarter gets a great population increase and the problems of the fair appear with more frequencies, thus leading in 2005 the sprouting of the Association of Feirantes, that search for the permanence and improvement for the fair. Mr. Carlos member of Association of the Feirantes says: We saw to the necessity of creates the Association of the feirantes, because the problems of the fair deserved a special attention.

to separates the fair to it of the Association of inhabitants would give the attention to the problems of the fair. (interviewed Mr. Carlos). Through sponsors politicians, and very work of the associates, the fair comes conquering improvements in the physical aspects taking care of the necessities of the feirantes. It for much time passed for great problem, as the board absence that made it difficult the draining of the production.

Being that the merchandises were stored in caixotes, thus harming the commerce. In the year of 2005 with very work of the coordinator of the Association of Feirantes, the same one received as donation some boards that improve its physical aspect, in this way appear feirantes, that when passing of the years numbers multiplies it of boards. Told for Mr. Peter member of the association: When the central market passed for reforms, uses to advantage the chance and asks for the responsible ones for a remodels that in they donated the boards to them that would not go to be more useful for that place and thus we obtain I inside number to increase it of boards of the fair.