Month: September 2011

    Social Insurance Fund

    When a beginner entrepreneur comes to a decision to register a company, he usually faced with the question of how the same organizational form to choose. The main forms of business activity are: a limited liability company, joint-stock company, joint stock company and the individual entrepreneur without a legal entity. The most common reference for small businesses are LLC and IP, since it does not involve the issue of shares, their discovery due to the low cost of registration and are the most protected from raider attacks. At first glance, it appears that these forms very similar, but they are significantly otchayutsya from each other. Initially, the legal form in the form of IP assumes sole and collective LLC doing business. Although the law and are allowed to use work workers, but their employment involves registration of businessman, within 30 days of the RF Pension Fund and Medical Benefits Fund, as well as within 10 days of the Social Insurance Fund, as an employer. Naturally, the IP registration can be made for one person only and if the founders want to be a few people, this form of incorporation will not work.

    Ltd. is focused on employing workers, registering entity is a prerequisite for appointment of Director-General, who needs to pay salaries. Director, after registration and entry into office, may hire employees. Individual entrepreneur as an individual, can not have their own printing and a bank account, because all the money he earns from its activities, net of tax and pension fund of the Russian Federation, are his property and, therefore, it meets all of its assets to liabilities. Ltd. is solely responsible for its obligations to all its property, but, unlike IP, it Parties shall not be liable for the obligations of the Company. Since the founders of the company shall not be liable, then the Company greater demands, compared with PI control of funds and property, is accounting accounting-cash transactions. Mandatory conditions of functioning of society are the presence of the press and a bank account.

    PI manages the profit it wants, but the founders of the company are entitled to receive dividends only once a quarter, and they will have to pay a tax of 9%. IP is easy to open and as easy to liquidate, to register only need a completed application, passport copy and receipt registration fee. For self-registration LLC founders have to prepare the charter, to share capital, to prepare minutes of the general assembly of founders and other documents. Company may open branches, to be sold, to be part of another organization, click on the inheritance, and PIs of this can be and with the cessation of its business activities and ceases to exist. What organizational form to choose – you decide, we hope that This article has been helpful.

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    Joint Stock Company

    In addition, the company said in favor of its study and transparency, and also understandable for most entrepreneurs. Open Joint Stock Company (JSC). In accordance with st.96, 97 of the Civil Code recognizes joint stock company whose charter capital is divided into a specified number of shares; participating company (shareholders) are not liable for its obligations and bear the risk of losses associated with the company's activities within the value of their shares. Joint Stock Company, whose members may sell their shares without the consent of other shareholders, is an open joint stock company. This company has the right to conduct an open subscription for shares issued by it and available for sale the conditions prescribed by law and other legal acts. This type of organizational form involves a large number of members (shareholders) more than 50 people. Used as a rule, big business.

    Gives opportunity to participate in the management of the company by buying aktsiy.Zakrytoe Joint Stock Company (CJSC). Joint-stock company whose shares are distributed only among its founders or other predetermined range of people, is a closed joint stock company. This company has no right to conduct an open subscription for shares issued by it or otherwise offer them to an unlimited number of persons (Article 97 of the Civil Code). The main honors from the company of his is "closed" from the free sale of shares in the market. This organizational form is most often used by banks, insurance and leasing companies.

    Entrepreneur without a legal persons (individual entrepreneurs). Article 23 of the Civil Code states that an individual may engage in entrepreneurial activities without forming a legal entity with the state registration as a private entrepreneur. This organizational form is most common in small businesses. This form has several advantages for the citizens who have decided to create a business: you need to prepare papers for submission at least on the state registration businesses, in addition, for entrepreneurs in the legislation provides for tax exemptions. But there is a such a form and minuses – in the case of debts, an individual entrepreneur shall be liable with their personal assets, such Entrepreneur harder to get a bank loan, and in the eyes of potential partners IP does not look too impressive. Summarizing, we can say that the choice of organizational form that is suitable for you depends, primarily on the goals you set for the business. When preparing a business plan weigh the possibilities and evaluate prospects. If you are not 100% confident in the choice of any one organizational form or doubts about the direction of your company – choose the company as the most versatile and flexible organizational form. (C) Kobzeva Natalia especially for the site

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